(SAP) Substance Abuse Professional
The fundamental responsibility of the SAP is to provide a comprehensive face-to-face assessment and clinical evaluation to determine what level of care the employee needs in resolving issues associated with substance use disorders, as well as any other co-occurring disorders.
To be clear, it is Not the responsibility of the SAP to establish whether a substance use issue exists; this has already been determined by a verified positive drug test, a refusal to test (including a substituted or adulterated urine specimen), a breath alcohol test of .04 or higher, or a violation of the prohibitions on the use of alcohol or drugs under a DOT agency regulation. Rather, it is the SAP’s responsibility to determine the extent of the employee’s substance use disorder through the assessment process.
After this assessment, the SAP must recommend a course of education and/or treatment through which the employee must demonstrate successful compliance prior to returning to DOT safety-sensitive duty. Treatment recommendations can include, but are not limited to:
- Inpatient Treatment
- Outpatient Treatment
- Partial Inpatient Treatment
- Intensive Outpatient Treatment